Woodring College of Education began life more than 100 years ago as New Whatcom State Normal School. Thus teacher training was and remains the heart of the institution that is now Western Washington University. We hope you find these glimpses into the past through photographs, stories and historic record; interesting, surprising and fun. Contributions from alumni and friends are very welcome (see end for info).
New Whatcom State Normal School
Established February 24, 1893
Signed into law in 1893 by Governor John H. McGraw, New Whatcom State Normal School was the third publicly supported teacher training school in the young state of Washington, following Cheney and Ellensburg. It was the second normal school in Whatcom County. The first was Northwest Normal School, a privately financed institution built in Lynden on land donated by pioneer Holden Judson. The Lynden school petitioned the state for support but was turned down and closed its doors in 1892 after seven years of operations.
Old Main was the first building on the New Whatcom campus. It was modeled after the Boston Public Library and built in 1896 using sandstone quarried on the Sehome Hill site. Due to labor issues and lack of operating funds, the school did not open its doors until September 6, 1899. Three wings were added by 1912 to accommodate the growing student body.
In 1899, what is now the city of Bellingham was divided into two towns - New Whatcom and Fairhaven. In 1901, New Whatcom became Whatcom and in 1904 joined with Fairhaven to become Bellingham - thus the name of the school was changed successively from New Whatcom to Whatcom and then Bellingham State Normal School.
First Students and Faculty
Eighty eight students enrolled the first day of classes, September 6, 1899. By the end of the week, the number grew to 160 and four weeks later to 220. Although this was a hoped-for, but unexpected outcome, it strained the meager resources of the fledgling operation and "pioneer spirit" was needed by students and staff alike to get through that first year.
Dr. Edward T. Mathes was hired as the first principal in May. Previously a faculty member at the State Normal School in Lewiston, Idaho, he in turn hired a minimal first staff of five more faculty and a custodian. In three short months this small crew was ready to open the doors to the first students. They were:
- Mr. John T. Forrest, Ph.D, mathematics
- Mr. Francis W. Eply, science
- Miss Jane Connell, Ph.D, Latin and English
- Miss Avadana Millett, elocution, drawing, and physical culture
- Miss Sarah J. Rogers, Superintendent of the Model Training Dept.
- Edward T. Mathes, Ph.D, history, psychology, and philosophy of education
- Mr. John A. McBride, custodian and groundskeeper
It was obvious by the end of the first month, that more faculty were needed and an additional three were hired - Miss Catherine Montgomery, Training Department; Miss Ida Baker, grammar and music; and Mr. Robert B. Vaile, physics and algebra. A student, Miss Hattie B. Thompson, became the first librarian.
The "zeal for learning and teaching" was apparently not dampened by lack of adequate state support. Indeed the new spirit on the hill inspired the support of citizens in Fairhaven and New Whatcom to donate enough money to furnish three more rooms in the building and the following year purchase and donate a private museum collection of 6500 rare specimens of minerals, stuffed birds and animals, and curios from around the world.
Even with the support of good neighbors, it was no small feat to overcome the difficulties of the fledgling institution. Rooms were insufficiently heated with overhead pipes and were poorly lighted. Students had to make due with donated textbooks and few library resources. Living accommodations were inadequate and hard to find. Most students lived with families in the neighborhood, who were often coaxed into providing lodging by the principal's wife.
The students themselves were often challenged by their own lack of previous education and language proficiency. Since secondary education in the state was so new, there were many applicants who had not gone beyond elementary school. By law, girls had to be 15 and boys, 16 to apply, and many were accepted on the basis of eighth grade graduation.
Very few enrolled students were born in the area that became Washington State in 1889. Many were children of immigrants and were so unfamiliar with the English language that interpreters were provided on opening day. These students were required to study English intensively. Those who made the most progress were rewarded after they delivered famous speeches of Presidents Lincoln and Washington on their respective February birthdays. It was not unusual during the course of the academic year to hear a complete Shakespearean play delivered with a Scandinavian accent.
There were also more experienced students - teachers and graduates of liberal arts colleges, universities and other normal schools. This mix of students enhanced both the educational and recreational opportunities of all students. By the end of the first month, five literary societies had been organized, along with a thespian club that traveled and performed around the county. There were also numerous organized outings for all students in the mountains and surrounding islands.
The First Fifty Years, Western Washington College Bulletin, 1949.
Western Washington University: 100 Years, Western Washington University, 1999.
Washington State Normal School Bellingham
Student Life 1926
Top left to right:
Annette Vaughan, Advisor
Mme. LeMaster, Editor*
B. Tidball, Business Manager*
Bottom left to right:
Ruth Black, Sophomore Rep.
Mme. Erwin, Freshman Rep.
Left to right:
*(Editors note: Freshmen and students in special sections, such as these, did not get their names printed in the Klipsun, thus the missing first names.)
Campus School 1942-1967
Campus School shortly after it opened in its new home in 1942. The training school operated from 1899 until 1967. This Campus School building became part of Miller Hall and the current home of Woodring College of Education (renamed from the School of Education in 1989).
Student teacher Shirley Smutz assists Steve Troutman and Leah Matz with an art project at Campus School, May 28, 1957.
Sharon Wallace, student teaching in a kindergarten class at Campus School, May 18, 1947.
An all-class Campus School Reunion was organized by Woodring College of Education in 2007 that brought almost 500 Campus School alumni to the Western Washington University Campus.
The Bond-Skeen Typing Program
Innovative Teaching Method
Leona E. Bond, a first-grade teacher at Wallace School in Kelso, Wash. collaborated with Bearnice Skeen, education professor at Western Washington State College to design training materials for an innovative approach to teaching elementary students.
The purpose of the Bond-Skeen Typing Program was not “to make touch typists of elementary children.” It was an apparently successful method of teaching communication skills – listening, speaking, reading and writing, that resulted from 20 years of Leona Bond’s experimental work with reading readiness. She discovered early in her teaching career that the typewriter was a powerful tool that facilitated learning with careful guidance from the teacher. Because there were few “guides” for teachers at the time, Bond developed her own - the basis of the “Teacher’s Manual for the Bond-Skeen Typing Program,” copyrighted in 1960 and updated in 1974. The 42-page manual had two goals: to provide teachers with enough detailed guides and short cuts to allow for a “limitless range for creative teaching” and to “present the usage of the typewriter as a developmental program, geared to what is known about the sequential development of children.”
Unidentified students practicing the Bond Skeen Typing Program, using the wall chart and modified fingering developed by Bond.
It was a two-year program which began in kindergarten and carried through grade one. Included were instructions and benefits for using the program with beginning and higher levels, and with special education students, as well as expected outcomes and assessment tools for each.
(Editor’s note: No record was found of how many copies of the manual were distributed, or how widespread the usage was, although credit for help in revising and adapting the program for high school special education students was given to teachers in El Paso, Texas. Mrs. Skeen died June 10, 2004 in Bellingham at age 99. She had also served as director of the Campus School until it closed in 1967.)
Source: “Teacher’s Manual for Bond-Skeen Typing Program,” Department of Education, Western Washington State College, 1974.
Dr. Paul Woodring
Dr. Paul Woodring joined the faculty at the Western Washington College of Education in 1939. With a fresh PhD in psychology from Ohio State, he set out to pursue his goal - to teach undergraduates in a small college in the "Far West." He found that sought-for home in Bellingham for the next half century.
In honor of his exceptional service to Western, the College of Education was renamed Woodring College of Education and dedicated on November 17, 1989.
Dr. Woodring, age 87, died at his Bellingham home, Nov. 12, 1994. By then his reputation had grown to an international level reflected in a memorial tribute in the New York Times.
Special Collections at Wilson Library (360-650-3193) is compiling a survey of his extensive contributions to Western and the field of education.
To contribute photos, documents, and personal recollections, please contact Carole Morris, (360) 650-4419.