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Woodring Glossary

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ACTFL - American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Language. Candidates for Bilingual and/or World Languages (Spanish, German, French, or Japanese) endorsements must pass the ACTFL oral and writing language proficiency tests through Language Testing International (LTI). Registration materials and additional information are available online.

Adult & Higher Education (AHE) - a master’s degree program which prepares you to teach in community or technical colleges, universities, continuing education, business and industry, and non-profit organizations


Bilingual education (BE) - Bilingual education provides English language development plus subject area instruction in the student's native language. Preparation in Bilingual Education is offered through Woodring's Elementary Education Department.







Early Childhood Education - This program includes an academic major of Early Childhood Education and a sequence of professional certification courses that lead to teacher licensure PreK-3rd grade or a dual endorsement in elementary education and P-3. A non-certification option is also available.

Educational Staff Associate (ESA) – an educator certificate earned in order to serve as a School Counselor, Psychologist, Social Worker, Nurse, Physical Therapist, Occupational Therapist, and Speech Language Pathologist or Audiologist. Woodring College of Education offers certification services for candidates completing preparation to become a School Counselor through Western's Psychology Department.

Educational Testing Service (ETS) - Gateway to definitive information on college and graduate school tests including Advanced Placement, SAT, GRE, GMAT, TOEFL, and PRAXIS

Extended Education (EE) - administers some of Woodring’s Teacher Education Outreach Programs

Elementary Education - refers to the Kindergarten – 8th grade teaching endorsement and the Elementary Education department in Woodring

Endorsement - identifies the subject matter a teacher is authorized and prepared to teach

Endorsement Evaluation – an evaluation by your academic department of your progress toward earning a subject matter endorsement. It lists required courses completed, in progress, and remaining.



Field Experiences - school-based practica and student teaching internships. Teacher candidate internship placements are handled through the Woodring's Office of Field Experiences.





Human Services – a Woodring College of Education program that prepares professionals to work in a variety of settings as case managers, advocates, grant writers, youth workers, volunteer coordinators, human resource specialists, fundraisers, trainers, paraeducators or advocacy specialists for victims of child abuse, domestic violence, homelessness, or other social issues


Instructional Technology (IT) - preparation in the use of electronic technology in education, including computer-based training, web-based learning, distance learning, and interactive multimedia

Intern Substitute Certificate– allows student teacher interns to substitute teach as an employee of the school district when the classroom teacher is absent. It is only valid in and during the student teaching classroom.

Internship – another term for Field Experiences







Learning in Communities & Schools (LinCSThe LinCS office coordinates service-learning opportunities, working with community partners to give students experience and connections teaching in their community.


Middle Level Humanities– a teaching endorsement valid in grades 5-9 in both Social Studies and English Language Arts

MITMasters in Teaching degree



National Board Certification – optional certification at the national level for teachers who have at least 3 years of teaching experience - involves an extensive application and portfolio process

National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) – National association that evaluates and accredits educator preparation programs

NBPTS - National Board for Professional Teaching Standards

NES - National Evaluation Series: Content knowledge tests required to earn some endorsements

No Child Left Behind (NCLB) – Federal legislation that mandated educational standards; has been replaced by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)



Office of Field Experiences (OFE) - coordinates school-based student teaching internship placements for all teacher education students in the Woodring College of Education

Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) - Washington State office that oversees the delivery of public education



Pathway 1 – many endorsements can be added to a teacher’s certificate by passing the appropriate content knowledge test

Pathway 3 – endorsements that are earned by completing a college or university program

Pedagogy - the art or science of teaching; education; instructional methods

Post-Baccalaureate – refers to a person or program that takes coursework after completion of a Baccalaureate degree

ProCert - abbreviated term for Professional Certification

Professional Certificate – second tier certificate earned by teachers, administrators, and Educational Staff Associates who earn the first tier Residency certificate. Requirement was discontinued in 2017

Professional Education Advisory Board (PEAB) - comprised of practicing teachers and administrators, professional education faculty, candidates, and a school board member to ensure collaboration with P-12 practitioners in program design and delivery, and evaluation of the unit and programs. WWU has three: Teacher, Administrator, and School Counselor.





Rehabilitation Counseling - The Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Counseling prepares rehabilitation professionals to assist individuals in meaningful ways, including self-determination, independence, meaningful employment, and full community participation

Residency Certificate - the name of the first tier certificate issued. The Residency Certificate (First Issue) is issued to new Washington State educators when all requirements have been verified.



Secondary Education - prepares candidates to teach a specific endorsement subject area education at the Middle and High School level.

Special Education - Special education is the education of students with special needs in a way that addresses the students' individual differences and needs. Woodring offers an endorsements in Special Education and Early Childhood Special Education as well as a dual endorsement in Special Education combined with Elementary Education.



Teacher Curriculum and Certification Council (TCCC) - has jurisdiction over teacher education certification programs, and professional preparation programs

Teacher Education & Academic Departments Commission (TEAC) - Comprised of faculty representatives from Woodring College of Education and the arts and sciences departments across the University, the Teacher Education Academic Departments Commission serves as a forum for the discussion and development of teacher preparation issues, policies, and initiatives.

Teacher Education Outreach Programs (TEOP) - WWU teacher preparation programs offered in Bremerton, Everett, and Seattle

Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) - prepares graduates to teach English to non-native speakers both in the United States and internationally. Woodring's TESOL department also offers Bilingual Education preparing teachers to teach content and provide language development in two languages.







WEST-B - The Washington Educator Skills Test - Basic is a basic skills entrance exam required of all teacher education applicants in Washington State. The entrance exam contains three separate subtests: Reading, Mathematics, and Writing. Students must take and pass all three subtests prior to submitting an application to any Woodring teacher education program.

WEST-E - Washington Educator's Skills Test - Endorsement, a subject knowledge exam that must be passed before commencing student teaching.